The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) recently joined representatives of standards development organizations (SDOs) and defense agencies at a North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) workshop in Athens, Greece, focused on NATO's use of civil (i.e., voluntary consensus) standards.
Hosted by the Hellenic National Defence General Staff and the NATO Standardization Management Group on February 25-27, 2020, the workshop drew some 120 participants from 26 nations including 11 standards organizations. The theme of the event -"Civil as possible, Military only as necessary"- was how to bridge the gap between NATO's use of military specifications and SDO civil standards.
ANSI's Jim McCabe, senior director of standards facilitation, provided an overview of the U.S. standardization system and ANSI's role as coordinator of it, along with opportunities for participation in the American National Standards (ANS) process, U.S. technical advisory groups to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), and training. In a separate presentation, Mr. McCabe described ANSI's Unmanned Aircraft Systems Standardization Collaborative (UASSC) as a use-case study where SDOs are considering the application of NATO standards in a civil context and where NATO can learn how SDOs are creating standards to address issues associated with the deployment of drones for civil, commercial, and public safety purposes.
Latasha Beckman, deputy director of the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) Defense Standardization Program Office (DSPO) provided overviews of NATO's policies and procedures relating to the development of standards, including the use of civil standards, the NATO standardization documents database, and DoD's approach to using civil standards. Other NATO speakers provided overviews of standardization efforts in the specific areas of armaments, information and communications technology (ICT), federated mission networking (FMN), and aerospace capabilities.
Jeff Grove, vice president of global policy for ASTM International, and John Clatworthy, aerospace standards engineer for SAE International, provided perspectives from U.S.-based SDOs, while Andrew Dryden, technical program manager at ISO, described the work of the Geneva-based SDO of which ANSI is the U.S. member. Abri Kampfer, director of the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) also spoke.
European perspectives were provided by representatives from the European Commission, the CEN CENELEC Management Centre, the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), the German Institute of Standardization (DIN), the European Organization for Civil Aviation Equipment (EUROCAE), the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), and the European Organization for the Safety of Air Navigation (EUROCONTROL).