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ANSI Report Released: Standardization and the Commercial Space Industry

3/10/2021
ANSI News

December 2020 Virtual Event Focused on Space Situational and Domain Awareness, Space Traffic Coordination and Management, and Orbital Debris Mitigation

The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) has released a report of its December 7, 2020, informational meeting, Standardization and the Commercial Space Industry – Space Situational and Domain Awareness, Space Traffic Coordination and Management, and Orbital Debris Mitigation. The purpose of the virtual meeting was to raise awareness of relevant policy and standardization activity relating to these topics and the growing commercial space industry, and to facilitate dialogue on coordination and participation in standards setting. ANSI serves as administrator and coordinator of the U.S. private-sector system of voluntary standardization.

The meeting drew close to 300 attendees from the United States and 17 other countries. Subject matter experts from government, industry, non-governmental organizations, and academia exchanged information on relevant policy instruments, industry standards, and best practices.

With safety being an overarching concern, noted policy developments included an update of the Federal Communications Commission orbital debris mitigation rules, streamlined rules on licensing requirements for commercial space transportation launches and reentries from the Federal Aviation Administration, and the issuance of a Congressionally-directed report by the National Academy of Public Administration which reaffirmed the Commerce Department’s Office of Space Commerce as the best suited civil agency to perform space traffic management tasks.

Several speakers remarked on the fast rate at which the commercial space industry is growing and the need for standards and best practices to keep pace with this momentum. It was generally acknowledged that achieving a safe and sustainable space ecosystem is going to require both the public and private-sectors working together on these issues. There is a need for transparent, timely, and actionable sharing of satellite conjunction assessment information. There must be greater compliance with existing policies, standards, and practices related to debris removal. More generally, there is a need to operationalize high level agreements as well as policies and procedures. A coordinated, whole-of-government approach is needed and the time for action is now.

Some notable standards- and policy-related activities currently underway include:

  • ISO/TC 20/SC 14 work on space traffic coordination and large constellations
  • AIAA work to develop a lexicon for SSA and associated spaceflight safety functions
  • CONFERS/ISO work on rendezvous and proximity operations (RPO) and on orbit servicing (OOS)
  • World Economic Forum design team effort to develop a space sustainability rating
  • Commerce Department development of an open architecture space situational awareness data repository

ANSI will continue to monitor policy and standards activity related to the commercial space industry sector and remains willing to offer its services as a neutral facilitator for ongoing information-sharing and coordination discussions as appropriate. To stay apprised of future ANSI activity on these topics, email Jim McCabe, senior director, standards facilitation, ANSI (jmccabe@ansi.org).

CONTACT

Jana Zabinski

Director, Communications and Public Relations

Phone:
212.642.8901

Email:
jzabinski@ansi.org

Beth Goodbaum

Journalist/Communications Specialist

Phone:
212.642.4956

Email:
bgoodbaum@ansi.org

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