ANSI - American National Standards Institute
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Voluntary Standards Cover the Spectrum: From Irrigation Systems to Material Safety

New York, Jul 21, 2003

In an effort to communicate the vital role that standards play in daily life, ANSI Online will publish, on an ongoing basis, a series of snapshots of the diverse standards initiatives undertaken in the global and national standards arena, many of which are performed by ANSI members and ANSI-accredited standards developers. Two of the latest selections follow:


In many areas across the country and around the world that undergo high temperatures and limited rainfall during their summer months, irrigation techniques help to ensure the growth of crops throughout this tough season. Several organizations in the U.S. and abroad have formed standards that help ensure the good performance of equipment that is necessary for irrigation and provide farmers with several viable solutions to their water delivery needs.

In the United States, the American Society of Agricultural Engineers (ASAE), an ANSI member and accredited standards developer, has been promoting engineering advances applicable to agriculture, food and biological systems since 1907. ASAE has several irrigation standards, including ANSI/ASAE S395 SEP91, Safety for Self-Propelled, Hose-Drag Agricultural Irrigation Systems, which was established to enhance the personal safety of those who operate and service such equipment, and ANSI/ASAE S376.2 JAN98, Design, Installation and Performance of Underground, Thermoplastic Irrigation Pipelines.

ASTM International, an ANSI member and accredited standards developer, also has standards regarding this type of irrigation system as it relates to thermoplastic pressure piping.

In addition to these U.S. standards, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 65.060.35 family of standards addresses traveler irrigation machines, rotating sprinklers, and other methods. ANSI represents the interests of the United States in the ISO.

Material Safety Data Sheets

A Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) contains information that is pertinent to individuals who work with chemicals on a regular basis as a result of their occupation. An MSDS is designed to provide employers, employees and emergency responders with the information they need to properly handle and contain a possibly hazardous substance, as well as how to manage that substance in the case of an accident.

The American Chemistry Council (ACC), an ANSI member and accredited standards developer, has recently revised their standard that provides guidance for the production of MSDSs for chemicals and materials used under occupational conditions. The draft text, BSR/ACC Z400.1-200x, provides information for the development of clear and inclusive MSDSs that will protect workers and meet established state and federal laws and regulations. Information that is often included in an MSDS includes physical data about the material such as its boiling point and melting point, toxicity, health effects, necessary protective equipment, proper procedures for the storage and disposal of the material, and appropriate first aid treatment in the case of an accident. The revised standard is currently under review, so any interested party may request a copy of the revision or comment on the draft by contacting ACC’s Susan Blanco .

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