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State of Biometric Standards Presented at BiometriTech 2003

New York, Jul 02, 2003

According to research conducted by TMC®, the biometric market is expected to grow from $116 million in 2000 to approaching $2 billion in 2006. By 2010, the market could grow to more than $5 billion worldwide. To allow for this kind of growth and development in an industry that is now crucial to our nation’s security, the development and promotion of biometric standards has become a necessity.

Jeff Stapleton of KPMG LLP’s Information Risk Management practice examined the state of biometric standards during a presentation at the BiometriTech 2003 Conference held recently in New York. By providing an overview of the standards bodies that are involved in this process, as well as a summary of accomplishments and work-in-progress, Stapleton shed light on the future of standards in the accelerated world of biometric technology.

Beginning with a description of both the domestic and international standards bodies, Stapleton presented a thorough breakdown of the interactive relationships between ANSI-accredited standards bodies X9 and INCITS, and ISO TC68 and ISO/IEC JTC1 subcommittees, discussing the work of JTC1 subcommittees and formal ANSI-accredited groups, INCITS and X9. Stapleton specifically focused on those committees and subcommittees whose scope relates to biometric standards: ISO TC 68/SC2 – Security Management And General Banking Operations, JTC1/SC37 – Biometrics, X9F – Information Security, and INCITS/M1 – Biometrics. Stapleton also discussed the work of several informal standards bodies, the BioAPI Consortium, the Biometric Consortium and OASIS, who are not ANSI-accredited, but are involved with the development of XCBF (XML Common Biometric Format), CBEFF (Common Biometric Exchange File Format) and BioAPI (Biometric Application Programming Interface) standards, respectively.

In a review of the current state of standards development, Stapleton addressed the various works in progress by INCITS/M1task groups in the areas of biometric data formats, biometric interfaces (BioAPI and CBEFF), biometric application profiles and performance and testing, highlighting the development of X9.84-2003 Biometric Information Management and Security for the Financial Services Industry. Supporting the cooperative relationships between the standards bodies and accreditation groups, Stapleton illustrated how the work of INCITS/M1.1 Biometric data formats, and M1.2 biometric interfaces ties in with that of JTC1/SC 37, SG03, Biometric Data Interchange Formats and SG02, Biometric Technical Interfaces, respectively.

“The U.S. has primarily led the biometric standards efforts over the past 3 years, and hopes to foster similar efforts internationally,” stated Mr. Stapleton. “The world is constantly getting smaller and biometric interoperability and security are quickly becoming global cross-industry issues that can only be addressed by the various disparate groups working together.”

The presentation included a 3-year history highlighting significant events, and concluded with the list of current standards (ANS INCITS 358-2002 BioAPI, ANS X9.84-2003 Biometric Security, ISO 7816 ICC Part 11 Biometrics, and NISTIR 6529-A CBEFF), and future standards work in biometric technology, biometric security and biometric applications.

“Two areas where we seem to have limited standardization,” challenged Stapleton, “is a methodology of how to test biometric technology, and minimal acceptance criteria for a secure biometric device.”

Please click here to view a copy of Mr. Stapleton’s presentation.

ANSI Nanotechnology Standards Panel