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Voluntary Standards Cover the Spectrum: From Theatrical Fog to Garage Doors

New York, Jun 23, 2003

In an effort to communicate the vital role that standards play in daily life, ANSI Online will publish, on an ongoing basis, a series of snapshots of the diverse standards initiatives undertaken in the global and national standards arena, many of which are performed by ANSI members and ANSI-accredited standards developers. Two of the latest selections follow:

Theatrical Fog
The Entertainment Services & Technology Association (ESTA) is a non-profit trade association representing North American live entertainment industry equipment and services providers. As an ANSI member and accredited standards developer, ESTA writes standards that represent the consensus of this industry and that ensure the safety of equipment and products, and the manner in which they are used.

The Fog & Smoke Working Group, a part of ESTA’s Technical Standards Committee, drafted ANSI E1.5-2003, Entertainment Technology - Theatrical Fog, which sprung from controversy surrounding theatrical fog. Because of complaints of asthma and sore throats from actors exposed to fog, Environ International, a technical and scientific consultancy, was commissioned to conduct a study on fog. The studies determined no connection between fog and ill effects. But because there had been no previous standards for fog composition, ESTA led the way to ensure the safety its use.

The standard describes the composition of theatrical fogs or artificial mists and recommends a time-weighted average of 10mg of glycol per cubic meter, which is not likely to be harmful to otherwise healthy performers, technicians, or audience members. ESTA is considering making ANSI E1.5-2003 available free of charge.

Garage Door Testing
In the garage door industry, the Door & Access Systems Manufacturers Association (DASMA) is the synergy between manufacturers and suppliers of residential and commercial garage doors, rolling doors, door operators, and remote controls. As well as addressing product safety and liability, consumer awareness, and government and regulatory affairs, DASMA actively develops industry standards and is an ANSI member and accredited standards developer.

ANSI/DASMA 115-2003, Standard Method of Testing Garage Doors: Determination of Structural Performance Under Missile Impact and Cyclic Wind Pressure, is a test of a garage door’s ability to withstand windstorms and windborne debris. During the test, a garage door is subjected to cyclic tests, which replicate hurricane winds, and a 2x4 board becomes the projectile picked up by the wind. While ANSI/DASMA 115-2003 is an American National Standard, it only applies to hurricane-prone regions, such as coastal areas and the Gulf region, where openings such as garage doors are especially vulnerable to damage.

This "standards snapshot" was made possible by the steady stream of press information disseminated by standards developing organizations to keep the ANSI Federation abreast of their achievements.

As the Institute receives news of published voluntary standards and voluntary standards initiatives with broad appeal and impact, similar articles will be posted to the ANSI Online News page. Please continue to forward your updates to the Communications and Public Relations department at (f) 212.398.0023 or (e) For additional information on the wide array of standards applications, see the Media Tips and Case Studies section of the Institute's website.

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