ANSI - American National Standards Institute
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Voluntary Standards Cover the Spectrum: from Water Coolers to Plumbing Fixtures

New York, Aug 21, 2013

In an effort to communicate the vital role that standards play in daily life, the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) publishes snapshots of the diverse standards initiatives undertaken in the global and national standards arena, many of which are performed by ANSI members and ANSI-accredited standards developers. Two of the latest selections follow:

Water Coolers
Since the advent of modern-day bottled water in the 1970s, the water cooler has gained popularity as a source of hydration in offices everywhere – and as a key venue for employee interaction. To ensure water coolers function safely and effectively, ASHRAE recently issued ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 18-2008 (R2013), Methods of Testing for Rating Drinking Water Coolers with Self-Contained Mechanical Refrigeration.

This American National Standard (ANS) supersedes the 2008 edition and applies to self-contained, mechanically refrigerated drinking-water coolers that are supplied with piped water under pressure; require a bottle or reservoir to store the cooled water; and provide additional utility such as a refrigerated storage compartment or ice maker, a means for the heating of potable water, and/or a connection that may be used to supply cooled water to remote dispensing means. ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 18-2008 (R2013) defines terms describing the equipment covered and terms related to testing; specifies the types of instrumentation and test apparatus required in testing; offers methods of procedure to be used when testing for rating; identifies a uniform method for calculation of results; and identifies data and results to be recorded.

ASHRAE, an ANSI organizational member and audited designator, is an international organization that works promote a sustainable world through research, standards, recommended procedures and guidelines, continuing education, and publishing technical information.

Plumbing Fixtures
Plumbing fixtures such as toilets, sinks, bathtubs, drains, and other apparatus are manufactured using a variety of materials, but among the most common are ceramic. To help ensure that ceramic plumbing fixtures are manufactured to properly discharge sewage and waste, a revised ANS was recently released by ANSI organizational member and accredited standards developer the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).

ASME A112.19.2-2013/CSA B45.1-2013, Ceramic Plumbing Fixtures, covers vitreous (glass) and non-vitreous china plumbing fixtures, and specifies requirements for materials, construction, performance, testing, and markings. Performance requirements and test procedures in ASME A112.19.2-2013/CSA B45.1-2013 apply to all types of water closets and urinals that discharge into gravity drainage systems in permanent buildings and structures, independent of occupancy. The ANS covers bathtubs, bidets, drinking fountains, fixtures for institutional applications, lavatories, shower bases, sinks, urinals, and water closets.

ASME is a non-profit professional organization promoting the art, science, and practice of mechanical and multidisciplinary engineering and allied sciences. ASME develops codes and standards that enhance public safety, and enables learning and technical exchange opportunities benefiting the global engineering and technology community.

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