ANSI - American National Standards Institute
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Voluntary Standards Cover the Spectrum: from Cryptography to Wrenches

New York, Sep 18, 2009

In an effort to communicate the vital role that standards play in daily life, the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) will publish, on an ongoing basis, a series of snapshots of the diverse standards initiatives undertaken in the global and national standards arena, many of which are performed by ANSI members and ANSI-accredited standards developers. Two of the latest selections follow:

Advancements in cryptography, the practice and study of hiding information, have aided the financial services industry in protecting consumers while they use ATM machines, create computer passwords, make electronic purchases, and complete other electronic transactions.

A recently published standard from Accredited Standards Committee (ASC) X9 Financial Services guides an encryption system in which the sender and receiver of a message share a single, common data field that is used to encrypt and decrypt the message, called symmetric key cryptography. X9.102-2008, Symmetric Key Cryptography for the Financial Services Industry - Wrapping of Keys and Associated Data, specifies four key wrap mechanisms based on ASC X9–approved symmetric key block ciphers (algorithms) whose block size is either 64 bits or 128 bits. The key wrap mechanisms can provide assurance of the confidentiality and the integrity of data, especially cryptographic keys or other specialized data.

ASC X9 – an ANSI organizational member and accredited standards developer – seeks to develop, establish, maintain, and promote standards for the financial services industry. X9’s standards are used throughout the industry as well as by the federal government in order to facilitate delivery of financial services and products to users and promote global commerce.

Although wrenches have existed for many centuries, the first wrench patent granted in 1835 sparked the advancement of these tools throughout the nineteenth century, resulting in the wide array of types and sizes currently available.

A recently updated American National Standard, ANSI/ASME B107.100-2002 (R2008), Wrenches, will aid in assuring that wrenches are used safely and appropriately. The standard provides the general, dimensional, performance, and safety requirements for box wrenches, combination wrenches, open ended wrenches (including but not restricted to engineer's angled and tappet wrenches), and flare nut wrenches (including combination, offset slotted box, and open end wrenches).

The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), an ANSI organizational member and accredited standards developer, is a not-for-profit professional organization promoting the art, science, and practice of mechanical and multidisciplinary engineering and allied sciences. ASME develops codes and standards that enhance public safety and enables learning and technical exchange opportunities benefiting the global engineering and technology community.

 Homeland Defense and Security Standardization Collaborative