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Voluntary Standards Cover the Spectrum: from Oven Volume Measurement to Packaging Machinery

New York, Jul 07, 2006

In an effort to communicate the vital role that standards play in daily life, ANSI Online will publish, on an ongoing basis, a series of snapshots of the diverse standards initiatives undertaken in the global and national standards arena, many of which are performed by ANSI members and ANSI-accredited standards developers. Two of the latest selections follow:

Oven Volume Measurement
When it comes to selecting a new home oven, a quick Internet search or stroll through a home appliance store offers a wide array of new designs and special features. While helping to heat up market competition, the number of new models hitting the market leaves many consumers feeling confused about how to choose among the myriad choices.

A new standard released by the Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers (AHAM), an accredited standards developer of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), is designed to help consumers and retailers compare the capacity of household ovens. ANSI/AHAM OV-1-2006, Standard for the Determination and Expression of Oven Volume, establishes a uniform means of evaluating and stating the overall volume and usable oven space of household microwave, electric, and gas ovens.

The first U.S. standard of its kind, sections of the AHAM standard have been slotted for incorporation into two existing International Standards from the International Electrotechnical Commission: IEC 60705, Household Microwave Ovens – Methods for Measuring Performance, and IEC 60350, Electric Cooking Ranges, Hobs, Ovens and Grills for Household Use - Methods for Measuring Performance.

Packaging Machinery
From bottled water and pharmaceutical drugs and to electronics and clothes, packaging machinery is used daily in manufacturing plants around the globe to speed the shipping and distribution of a wide range of consumer goods. The potential risks involved in the operation of these machines depend upon numerous elements, including the type of machinery being used, the condition of the equipment, electrical design, ergonomics, and human factors.

The Packaging Machinery Manufacturers Institute (PMMI), an ANSI-accredited standards developer, recently published a newly revised standard that helps manufacturers and operators of packaging machinery reduce risks of injury within the scope of their respective work activities. ANSI/PMMI B155.1-2006 defines a process for use by machine users and suppliers to identify potential hazards, evaluate risks, and employ countermeasures to reduce these risks to an acceptable level.

Taking into account factors such as personnel safety, product quality, and machine productivity, the risk assessment process minimizes variation in the safety performance of machines. The standard can be applied to both new and modified packaging machinery and related converting equipment. Because modifications to machinery can introduce new hazards, risk assessment of upgraded equipment is an important element in ensuring personnel safety.

ANSI/PMMI B155.1-2006 is harmonized with existing international and European standards. The document incorporates requirements from ISO 12100, Safety of Machinery - Basic Concepts, General Principles for Design, ISO 14121, Safety of Machinery - Principles of Risk Assessment, and other U.S. standards.

This "standards snapshot" was made possible by the steady stream of press information disseminated by standards developing organizations to keep the ANSI Federation abreast of their achievements. As the Institute receives news of published voluntary standards and voluntary standards initiatives with broad appeal and impact, similar articles will be posted to the ANSI Online News page. Please continue to forward your updates to the Communications and Public Relations department at (f) 212.398.0023 or (e) For additional information on the wide array of standards applications, see the Media Tips and Case Studies section of the Institute's website.

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