ANSI - American National Standards Institute
 Print this article  Previous Next 

Voluntary Standards Cover the Spectrum: from Image Replacement Documents to Standpipe and Hose Systems


In an effort to communicate the vital role that standards play in daily life, the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) publishes snapshots of the diverse standards initiatives undertaken in the global and national standards arena, many of which are performed by ANSI members and ANSI-accredited standards developers. Two of the latest selections follow:

Image Replacement Documents (IRDs)

Image replacement documents (IRDs) – also known as substitute checks – are the digital copies of the fronts and backs of paper checks that may be used to serve as proof of payment. IRDs are typically printed on commercial-sized check stock and include a magnetic ink character recognition (MICR) code line at the bottom of the document. They are processed like the original check.

The American National Standard (ANS) ANSI X9.100-140-2016, Image Replacement Document-IRD, a revision to X9.100-140-2008, developed by Accredited Standards Committee X9, Financial Industry Standards (ASC X9), establishes the construction, layout, data elements, data content, and printing specifications for IRDs. An IRD that conforms to this standard and meets the requirements of a substitute check within federal Regulation CC, Availability of Funds and Collection of Checks, is considered the practical and legal equivalent of the original paper check or of a previous IRD. The informative annexes attached to this standard provide information that may prove useful to those planning on implementing the standard.

ASC X9, an ANSI member and accredited standards developer, seeks to develop, establish, maintain, and promote standards for the financial services industry. ASC X9’s standards are used throughout the industry as well as by the federal government in order to facilitate delivery of financial services and products to users and promote global commerce.

Standpipe and Hose Systems

Standpipe systems are an essential component to fire protection, as they provide water that firefighters and first responders can discharge through hoses to extinguish flames. The National Fire Protection Association’s (NFPA’s) NFPA 14-2016, Standard for the Installation of Standpipe and Hose Systems, covers the minimum requirements for the installation of standpipes and hose systems and provides a reasonable degree of protection for life and property from fire through installation requirements for standpipes and hose systems based on sound engineering principles, test data, and field experience.

NFPA, an ANSI member and audited designator, is committed to producing and promoting consensus codes and standards, research, and training and education, and works to prevent fires as well as to lessen the impact of fires when they do occur, which includes developing procedures that will keep firefighters safe and healthy.


ISO TC 229 Nano technology Wiki