USB Power Delivery was developed with a vision of delivering universal charging to extend ease of use for consumers and reduce electronic waste by offering an alternative to proprietary, platform specific chargers.
The USB Power Delivery specification defines features that support the global adoption of interoperable external power supplies, including:
The new USB Type-C specification, built on existing USB 3.1 and USB 2.0 technologies, was developed to facilitate thinner and sleeker product designs, enhance usability, and provide a growth path for performance enhancements for future versions of USB. Key characteristics of the USB Type-C connector and cable solution include:
USB 3.1 delivers speeds up to 10 Gbps, providing support for audio/video that can drive Ultra-HD (4K) displays. USB hosts, hubs, and devices can be built to support a range of USB Power Delivery and performance capabilities to meet the needs of OEMs. Along with the new USB Type-C cable and connector, USB 3.1 and USB Power Delivery will bring enhanced applications for a truly single-cable solution for data and power delivery, building on the existing global ecosystem of USB/IEC 62680 series of International Standards-compliant devices. Devices supporting these new specifications are expected to come to market in 2015.
These new standards are also expected to advance global action on reducing e-waste and improving re-usability of power supplies with a range of electronic devices. IEC's approach for ongoing standardization work in this space is driven by the ultimate goals of increasing external power supply re-usability, supporting consumer convenience, maintaining product reliability and safety, and providing for future technology innovations. In addition, widespread adoption of the resulting International Standards will help to reduce the encroachment of poorly designed or manufactured aftermarket substitutes which may affect the operation of electronic devices in compliance with regulatory requirements.
The three USB-IF specifications have been submitted to IEC Technical Committee (TC) 100, Audio, video, and multimedia systems and equipment, to be considered for inclusion in the newly approved IEC International Standard IEC 62680 series, Universal Serial Bus interfaces for data and power. The U.S.'s David Carlton Felland serves as the chair of IEC TC 100, and the Consumer Electronics Association (CEA) serves as the U.S. National Committee (USNC)-approved U.S. TAG Administrator to IEC TC 100. CEA is a member and accredited standards developer of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). Through the USNC, ANSI serves as the U.S. member body to the IEC.